Phlebotomy Tubes

Five Reasons of Choosing Phlebotomy as a Career

A phlebotomist is required to draw blood from his patients. As doctors and nurses tend to be busy with their work, the task of taking blood and performing blood tests falls to a phlebotomist. With the medical field developing at a fast pace, there are a lot of opportunities to work in this field and phlebotomy is one of them.

There are reasons as to why a person can choose to become a phlebotomist and they are stated below

  •  Phlebotomy is in high demand. The expansion of heath care has left doctors and nurses with a lot of tasks that they find it difficult to do everything on their own. Research is continuing to find ways to learn how more diseases and toxins can be discovered from a patient’s blood. Hence, the importance of blood tests is only increasing and a certified phlebotomist can easily get a job anywhere. There are also increasing number of research facilities and diagnostic centers looking to employ phlebotomists.
  • A phlebotomist can command a good salary right from the beginning. After a short training period, they can include vision, medical and even dental benefits to their pay. This keeps increasing as they gain more experience and additional training. Phlebotomists with the right experience and skills can earn as much as twice as a beginner in the field.
  • A phlebotomist has greater chances of travelling, provided he is willing to. Phlebotomy can offer a lot of job transfers depending on whether the person is willing to take it. Apart from the obvious change in location, travelling phlebotomists get to work with travelling health clinics and travelling blood banks. For people who do not wish to work in the same place every day, this is an option that satisfies their urge to travel and at the same time, keeps them employed.
  • The cost involved in becoming a phlebotomist is significantly lower than those involved with becoming a doctor. Hence, this is a great alternative for a person wishing to serve in the medical field.
  • There are plenty of Phlebotomy certification online courses that one can use if he is genuinely interested in becoming a phlebotomist. Some online courses even offer online theoretical classes with practical classes in a local health care center. These couple the advantages of practical sessions offered by phlebotomy schools and flexible timings offered by online classes into one single program.
teething necklaces

Amber Teething Necklace- Do they really Work?

Are you considering some better alternatives that are really working in soothing your teething child and also wish to stay away from conventional medicines?   If yes, then amber teething necklace is the answer you may consider.

These necklaces may be placed around the neck of the child so that it is in contact with the skin and receives body heat. This warmth received from the child’s body is enough for the Amber to release oil in minuscule amounts. Thus it gets absorbed in the body of the child and is safe as the oil contains therapeutic properties.

 Effective Working

Many painkillers used by parents to soothe teething children only reduce certain symptoms at one time. Paracetamol has anti-inflammatory properties to assist in reducing the gums that are swollen and red cheeks. In fact, ibuprofen is recommended for fever, gums swollen and flushed cheeks; but causes unpleasant side effects such as nausea and upsets stomach.

On the other hand, the Baltic amber necklaces have top grade Baltic amber representing high substance known as Succinic Acid. This acid is present in most cells in our body and it also contains many beneficial properties. The Succinic acid is an analgesic and so reduces pain, while its anti-inflammatory properties reduce swelling and red cheeks. It also includes properties such as expectorant that removes mucus in the chest and nose, anti=spasmodic that diminishes diarrhea and anti-pyretic that helps in reducing fever.

Moreover, there is a need for Succinic acid in a very small quantity to experience its beneficial effects and this is available from the Baltic amber teething necklace that delivers the required small and continuous amount to your baby.


 Completely Secure

Wearing Teething necklace Baltic amber is feared by some parents. The risks are well addressed and so extra precaution is taken to make the necklaces completely secure. They are made using double knotted beads. This completely eliminates the risk of necklace snaps separation.

Moreover, the necklaces are short enough that it does not reach your baby’s mouth and even if your baby pulls the necklace, the beads do not come out as they are between the knots. Adding to this, the plastic clasps are fool proof.

Amber teething necklaces are inexpensive, natural and safe for your baby to navigate teething with very little or no discomfort. This keeps the baby calm and also the mother is able to continue with her regular routine.

Main Image Borderline

Borderline Personality Disorder Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment

The exact causes of borderline personality disorder are not known yet but specialists are trying to understand it better.


So far there is no consent about what causes the BPD and it might be a combination of factors that might include childhood trauma, brain abnormalities, neurobiological factors, genetics and environmental factors. Childhood abuse is also suspected to be a major cause of BPD.

Brain Abnormalities

Neuroimaging studies have shown that some parts of the brain such as hippocampus and amygdala are smaller in people with BPD. Also the activity in prefrontal cortex seems to be reduced in people with BPA.


A clinical assessment should be performed by a trained mental health professional who will determine if the criteria for the borderline personality disorder are met.

According to DSM V, in order to receive a diagnosis of borderline personality disorder a person should meet 5 of the 9 criteria:

  • Serious efforts to avoid imagined or real abandonment
  • Intense and unstable interpersonal relationships
  • Impulsivity
  • Identity problems
  • Suicidal behavior
  • Chronical feelings of emptiness
  • Emotional instability
  • Intense and inappropriate anger
  • Paranoid thoughts related to stress

Some doctors prefer not to tell their patients about their diagnosis. The diagnosis is based on the patient’s report and clinical observations.

Borderline Personality

Laboratory tests might help the doctor rule out other possible diagnosis or causes.

In ICD – 10 the borderline personality disorder is called emotionally unstable personality disorder and has two major subtypes: Impulsive type and Borderline type.

Comorbidity and Differential Diagnosis

People with BPD might also meet the criteria for other disorders that might also co-exist with BOD such as:

  • Mood Disorders
  • Substance Abuse
  • Anxiety Disorders
  • Eating Disorders
  • Dissociative Disorders
  • Somatoform Disorders
  • ADHD


The first line of management for BPD is psychotherapy. The medication might also help treating comorbid disorders. In cases of severe symptoms the patient might need hospitalization.

The psychotherapy might include transference-focused therapy, dialectical behavior therapy and mentalization-based therapy.

The medication includes antipsychotics such as haloperidol, flupenthixol and aripiprazole. Mood stabilizers such as valproate semisodium, lamotrigine and topiramate might also be used. The antidepressant that could be also used include fluvoxamine, mianserin, phenelzine and fluoxetine.


The therapy requires some time to get the desired results. Studies revealed that 34.5% of the people with BPD found relief within two years of treatment. With 4 years of treatment almost 50% achieved remission and the percent of people who reached remission reached 68,6% after 6 years of treatment. Another study revealed that 86% of the people with BPD found relief after 10 years of treatment.


It is estimated that BPD affects between 1% and 2% of the population and it seems that 20% or psychiatric hospitalizations are due to BPD.


The credibility of the disorder was often questioned because there was found that the prevalence of dissociation episodes is pretty high among people with BPD. Also it seems people with BPD often tend lie.

Stigma is another problem of people with BPD as people often think they are prone to violence to others and they are also thought to be manipulative, difficult and attention seeking.

When seeking specialized help of a mental health specialist for personality problems, people might want to go along with a friend or a family member as the doctor might be reluctant to tell the diagnosis to the patient.

Embracing Borderline Personality Disorder – Dr Keith Gaynor